Every researched information used in the essay has a source and an author that has produced it. Not crediting the source and the author, deliberately or by oversight can count as plagiarism.
Though online services sometimes provide you with a free essay writer on a trial basis for plagiarism checking, it shouldn’t hold you from knowing about plagiarism and how to avoid it.
Types of Plagiarism
Using exact words without citation
When quoting from a source, which is using the exact words, you should put quotation marks around the text and indicate the source through a footnote, intext citation, or another indicator. If you don’t want to use the intext citation make sure to indicate with a format that suits your style.
For in-text citations, you can use a parenthetical or numerical one.
Using ideas without citation
Many people think that if the exact words are not used the work cannot be plagiarized. The act of rephrasing doesn’t absolve you from citing the source, for the idea is just as unique to the author as the string of words used to express the idea.
Here you will also use footnotes or other indicators to cite the source. The idea can be the premise of an argument or of an idea, the methodology, or the conclusion. This is usually visible in instances where ideas are unique.
Borrowing sentence structure and phrases
It’s not always the main ideas and arguments that are plagiarized but the style of writing and presentation is too. The style and the sentence structure can be unique and provide a unique way to present the ideas.
If you end up using the same structure and phrases as the source it’s better to change your structure and style rather than cite just for the structure. If you end up doing that, it would leave a doubt upon your penmanship.
Borrowing from many sources to create a stitched essay
This is when you skip consulting other sources from information and take out the information from ready-made writings; taking the structure from one paper, the style from another, and the content from a third, and so on.
These essays are usually weak and it’s better to use the same energy to create a new essay.
How to Avoid Plagiarism?
Understand the concept and paraphrase
If you end up copying others’ work with or without citations, it is probably because you haven’t understood the subject, so much that you cannot expound on the ideas and the contents of other works to create your own argument.
The best way to see if you have understood the concept of work is to try to explain it to someone else in your words. Teaching the concept to someone else can not only help you understand the work but can help you paraphrase it.
Separating your ideas
Keep your original ideas separate from those of other authors and sources. It is possible that sometimes you might confuse someone else’s ideas to yours.
Know the difference between new or recent ideas and those that are established.
Established ideas are common knowledge and aren’t supposed to be cited in most cases. It is easy to mistake information for established knowledge, so it is better to do a double-check.
To be safe, don’t ignore even the slightest doubt, and see if citation should be given to a text or not. You should want for others (authors) what you want for yourself (credit for original work).
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1 year, 7 months ago